1. How does Gap training differ from other active shooter training methods?


Gap training does not focus on the "evacuation" or the "Run, Hide, Fight" principal for a number of reasons; rather, Gap focuses on two principals. Room Fortification and Defending the fatal funnel. One person evacuating might work to save one person but trying to legitimately evacuate a classroom of third graders under extreme stress, to an unknown location can and often proves tragic. The human body reacts very different under stress than it does in a controlled environment without stress. Children under stress will be much more unpredictable and un controllable during an evacuation process and taking them outside will put them in an unprotected scenario with no cover. Force Dynamics takes a very realistic approach to training staff with the most realistic training available and with the most effective response for an Active Shooter. We focus on training every staff member in proper room fortification to prevent room entry. We then train every staff member with the means and ability to defend the doorway effectively against any threat attempting to make entry. These methods have been tested and proven to be highly effective and increases the chances of survival exponentially with minimal training.


2.  Why not just hire a security guard or rely on the School Resource Officer for protection? 


The idea of relying on one or two security officials for the protection of a school, or even an entire school district is called "perceived safety" and is solely dependent on the security official being at the scene as the incident is occurring. There are too many variables to consider with a security officer as a sole means of protection. When you train all staff in room fortification and defending the fatal funnel, give them the ability to defend, you now have an entire school full of trained security at various levels with the means and ability to defend against a threat singularly or as a larger group. This system focuses on the mindset of defending rather than running and hiding, which takes the mind out of a fighting mindset. The other obstacle in the SRO (school resource officer) program is that it can cost the school district anywhere from $75,000 to $130,000 per year, per officer depending on the area.    


3.  What is the liability for the school district if they trained staff to fortify and defend with using force? 


There is always a liability issue when dealing with an active shooter and the use of force. There is also a variety of liabilities issues when a district fails to train effectively knowing there is a viable threat to the school.  To not train staff can open a district up to civil lawsuits because history has shown us that what we have done in the past has not been effective in stopping a lethal threat inside of a school, thus creating more victims during the Gap period until the Police arrive. 


4. Can anyone have a chance against an armed assailant inside a school? 


Absolutely yes. In the classroom portion of the Gap training, we focus heavily on mindset and understanding the mindset of the shooter. We study commonalities in behavioral patterns in active shooters from around the world and learn what they learn, see what they see and think like they think. The science and psychology involved in this training is paramount in circumventing the shooters thought process and developing a plan that is effective and proven whether you have a trained armed staff or unarmed staff.